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    Mongolian hero Genghis Khan is a strategist and statesman of ancient China. He has been dead for over 700 years since 1227, but on the prairie, the memorial ceremony for him is still been carried on from generation to generation. According to historical records, various memorial ceremonies for Genghis Khan would be held over 30 times in one year, and each ceremony has different times, forms and offerings. In the past, limited by the nomadic life, Genghis Khan’s mausoleum was mobile, so on each memorial ceremony, the Darkhans, Genghis Khan’s personal guards, would carry the mausoleum ger onto a nanmu hearse, which would be pulled by white horses without a single foreign hair——by legend they are the offspring of Genghis Khan’s two horses——to the place for ceremony. People would put out offerings, and the flamen would chant the praises of Genghis Khan’s feats with resounding and cadent voice. The usual practices and methods of the memorial ceremony basically inherited Genghis Khan’s ceremony to sacrifice to heaven, and the ceremonies were held in scattered places adjusting to the local conditions. In 1955, in order to made the memorial ceremony easier to hold, after getting consents from Darkhans and Mongolians, the local government gathered Genghis Khan’s portrait, sword, and saddle scattered among different Mongolian tribes to the location of  Genghis Khan’s mausoleum, and properly concentrated the ceremonies, so the ceremonies would be carried out four times in one year respectively on the 21st  day of the third month, 15th day of the fifth month, the 12th day of the eighth month, and the 3rd day of the tenth month of the lunar calendar.

    Every time when this day comes, numerous worshippers will come from far away with a devout heart to worship this legendary figure’s statue, and offer the most holy and pure offerings: pure white hada, bright candles, aromatic joss sticks, tallowy whole sheep, delicious cow’s and ewe's milk, yellow butter, and mellow kumiss. The ceremony will be presided by Darkhan servants.
    The traditional memorial ceremony is carried out in this way: the worshipers first go to the golden pillar a hundred steps away out of the wall in the south, then walk around the pillar three times, and each day there must be 99 people to do this, after that, people will go to the place 81 bows away to sprinkle milk toward outside. After walking around the pillar, people will walk around the big white horse and its foals, and also splash milk with small wooden spoons. After walking around the horses, the mausoleum guards will put a bowl full of milk upside down on the horse’s back, then the horse will be startled and prance, and the bowl will fall to the ground. If the bowl is still upside down on the ground, then the process must be repeated again. After walking around the pillar and the horse, people will start libation. The people offering kumiss will kneel outside the temple, the mausoleum guards will pour the kumiss from the pot of the people into two small wine cups, then the people offering kumiss will hold the two cups with a rectangular tray into the temple. The mausoleum guard will take over the tray and put it on the mutton. After salute, the people offering kumiss will retreat outside to their original places to kneel down. The mausoleum guard outside the temple will go to fetch the tray in the temple, and he will murmur: “Oh, Oh, Oh!” when he goes into the temple, then he will pour the kumiss on the tray into one cup, and refill the two cups with new kumiss, and another people offering kumiss will take the tray and go into the temple. While offering kumiss, two old mausoleum guards outside the temple will pray, but the prayers have no written version, so no one can understand them, as a result the prayers are called “divine words”. After libation, people will go into the temple and kneel down on the felt before the altar, then offer hada, candles, sheep, and aromatic joss sticks (with prayers). People will prostrate on the ground when they offer the oblations, after offering the oblations, everyone will throw a piece of sheep tail mutton into the brazier before the altar, murmuring prayers, and some people even throw two times. After this, people will burn the fragments of hada, drink the arrack in turn with big silver cups and eat small pieces of mutton on their knees. The whole memorial ceremony will last over two hours.